Textbook Aphrodite Fritillary at Herrington Manor SP [2014 July 12, REB]

Textbook Aphrodite Fritillary at Herrington Manor SP [2014 July 12, REB]

The July doldrums seem to be winding down, with fresh new emergences over the past week combined with some early fall action.

On the Audubon Naturalist Society field trip to western Maryland last weekend, we had great success in finding two of our targets, Bog Copper at Cranesville Swamp and Northern Metalmarks (in good numbers) in Green Ridge State Forest. Both were quite cooperative with the 15 participants in the extended field trip and allowed for good views and some excellent photographs. Both of these beautiful leps should be flying for at least another week; some of the metalmarks especially were quite fresh.

Lots of satyrs were on the wing for us, too – Appalachian Brown was abundant, as was Common Wood-nymph (in its dark, northern/western form). Northern Pearly-eye was also seen. Farther north in Buzzard Swamp PA colleagues reported an Eyed Brown. The second brood of Little Wood-satyr seems to be sputtering locally.

At least four fritillaries are flying now: Great-spangled (some fresh), Aphrodite, Atlantis, and Meadow. Five, if you count Variegated Fritillary, which has been seen sporadically but whose numbers seem to be building in mid-VA. Diana Fritillary of both sexes was picked up in Bath Co VA. Other brushfoot butterflies around this week included Red Admiral, both Hackberry and Tawny Emperors, and infrequent American Ladies. Red-spotted Purples were much more common than earlier in the season; a few Viceroys are being seen but clearly a small flight.   Mourning Cloak and other anglewings are scarce but around; mostly they are still aestivating until cooler fall weather. Monarch numbers seem to be climbing slowly but steadily; I saw several this morning on the National Mall.

Across the region, a fresh brood of Eastern Tiger Swallowtails began to show up in the past week, but it appears this will be a small flight. Second brood of Zebra Swallowtails, which was pretty robust, is winding down. A number of reports came in this week of fresh Spicebush, Black, and Pipevine Swallowtails. No reports yet this year of Palamedes Swallowtail from Maryland, but was seen on the Eastern Shore of VA last week.

Fresh skippers were out this week too – Sachem numbers are building, and there are more Wild Indigo and Horace’s Duskywings. There’s a large flight of Silver-spotted Skipper emerging now. Essex (European) Skipper seems to be ending its summer flight. Brazilian Skippers Br were noted from vacation areas in Dare Co NC and from as close as Norfolk; we should be regularly checking sizeable plantings of cannas for these large and showy skippers.

Other skippers this week include Dion, Delaware, and Rare; Salt-marsh should also be flying on the Eastern Shore. Fiery and Whirlabout Skippers were again seen in Virginia; Ocola Skipper seems to be making an early assay to the north already with sightings in NC and VA. Black Dash and Long Dash are flying in the western MD counties; Black Dash is especially common this year.

I noted last week that no Little Yellows had been seen this year, which of course prompted a couple of reports from recent NABA counts where they HAD been seen, in PA on the Hawk Mountain count and in VA in Botetourt Co. Sleepy Orange is being seen in NC.

Hairstreaks are still in a downturn, although the best sighting of the week had to have been a second brood Early Hairstreak in the Ricketts Glen area of PA.

Dicey weather this weekend, especially Sunday, but there should be some sun to draw out butterflies. Please remember to post or send your sightings for the next Weekend Forecast. In the meantime, visit us at and on Google Groups at MDLepsOdes.


Walking the pine plantation on the way to the Cranesville Swamp boardwalk

Walking the pine plantation on the way to the Cranesville Swamp boardwalk [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

  Our three-day Audubon Naturalist Society extended foray began in early afternoon on Saturday July 19 at Finzel Swamp, a boreal relict fen in eastern Garrett County. Unfortunately, we started in drizzle and ended in steady rain. Despite the showers, we managed to kick up some Finzel butterfly specialties early in our trip: Black Dash, the very dark northern form of Common Wood-nymph, and Appalachian Brown. We also had a few more common leps, including Eastern Tailed-blue, Pearl Crescent, and Great-spangled Fritillary. We sorted through a few odes in the meadow at the parking lot, including White-faced Meadowhawk (and possibly a second meadowhawk species), a couple of damselflies, and a Slender Spreadwing.

Other insects of note included panorpid scorpionflies, Virginia Ctenucha day-flying moths, and a couple of diminutive pyrodoxine Yucca Moths buried deep in yucca flowers at the old homestead. We talked at length about the mutually beneficial relationship between the pollinating moth and its host; the moth pollinates the flower in exchange for a few of the ripening ovaries to feed its caterpillars.

Birds were notably hunkered down, but brief let-ups in the rain gave us Black-capped Chickadees, Purple Finch, Swamp Sparrow, Rose-breasted Grosbeak and hosts of Cedar Waxwings cleaning up on black cherries. The human participants cleaned up on ripe blueberries.

White-faced Meadowhawk at Finzel Swamp [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

White-faced Meadowhawk at Finzel Swamp [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

The plants didn’t mind the rain nearly as much; we explored the many microhabitats created by varying water levels, from deciduous holly, to blueberry, to speckled alder. We also discussed the nutrient cycle in this nutrient- poor environment, and how changes in the hydrology of the Finzel area — including contamination with fertilizers — could tip the balance in favor of the invasive European plants that we saw on the path and around the margins of the fen as just trace amounts of fertilizer allow invasives to outcompete native flora that are adapted to the poor nutrient habitats. The large white Rhododenrons were blooming along the small pond’s edge near the parking lot.

We enjoyed a group dinner at The Hen House in Frostburg. The optional night hike at Finzel was called off because of the continuing rain.

Notable Butterflies for Day 1:

Orange Sulphur

Eastern Tailed-blue

Summer Azure

Pearl Crescent

Common Wood-nymph

Black Dash

Little Glassywing


Bog Copper on the flower of its larval host plant, small cranberry [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

Bog Copper on the flower of its larval host plant, small cranberry [photo by Dave Pollock]

Day two came very early, with a dawn hike for those who wished just south of Frostburg to a known location for Henslow’s Sparrow. About half the group showed up in the hotel parking lot for the carpool down, and after a short hike into an overgrown pasture, we were able to get crippling views of Henslow’s and Grasshopper Sparrows, at one point posing within inches of each other on the same shrub and both singing – you couldn’t ask for a better side-by-side comparison of these two grassland sparrows! We talked at length about how weedy pastureland and grasslands are among Maryland’s most endangered habitats while watching Eastern Meadowlark and listening to Field Sparrow, Indigo Bunting, and other grassland birds singing as the sun emerged from the clouds.

We returned to the hotel, gathered the rest of the tour group, and headed west to Cranesville Swamp on the MD/WV border in the expectation of seeing Bog Copper, a specialist butterfly restricted to bogs where its host plant, small cranberry, creeps across the sphagnum floor of the bog. After a short hike in – with a number of Appalachian Browns along the way, and some fast-flying Great-spangled Fritillaries – we emerged onto the boardwalk and spent about 15 minutes looking for the coppers. While we looked for the butterflies, we also saw two odonate denizens of Cranesville – large, blue Spatterdock Darners and the diminutive Sphagnum Sprite damselfly. Bog plants in abundance also caught our attention, from American larch to carnivorous sundews to pale green orchids and myriad sedges and rushes. Finally, a burst of bright sunshine through the cloudy skies brought out a good number of the Bog Coppers, affording good views for everyone. The walk back provided good looks at plants more at home in the Maine woods than Maryland: trailing arbutus, dewdrops, wintergreen, and Turks-cap lily, as well as the original coniferous inhabitants of the area upslope from the bog, white pine and hemlock. Overhead, we heard singing Golden-crowned Kinglets and Red-breasted Nuthatches in addition to the lazy whistles of Black-capped Chickadees; group members “pished” up a Yellowthroat that followed us for a good distance along the trail, scolding the entire time. As we returned to the parking lot, we discussed the essential differences between the bog-like habitats at Finzel and Cranesville, a conversation we continued over lunch in McHenry.

Ogling the Meadow Jumping-mouse at Herrington Manor SP [REB]

Ogling the Meadow Jumping-mouse at Herrington Manor SP [REB]

After lunch we continued our foray in Garrett County with a visit to Herrington Manor State Park. Our first stop there was the Grow No Mow meadow, a managed field near the lake with abundant wild oregano, heal-all, and scattered dogbane. This field provided some of our best butterflying of the trip, with ample opportunities to study the differences between the very similar Great-spangled Fritillary and Aphrodite Fritillary; more Black Dashes; the small Meadow Fritillary; many Common Wood-nymphs and Appalachian Browns, both sipping fermenting sap from a tree wound; our first Northern Pearly-eye of the trip; and Dun, Crossline and Little Glassywing Skippers in addition to the by-now-ubiquitous Silver-spotted Skipper. American Copper gave us our second copper species of the trip.

Damselflies shared the meadow with the butterflies,

Common Wood-nymph sipping fermented sap at Herrington Manor SP [REB]

Common Wood-nymph sipping fermented sap at Herrington Manor SP [REB]

and several large dragonflies – Twelve-spotted Skimmer, Common Whitetail, and Widow Skimmer – hawked for midges and mosquitoes. Calico Pennant dragonflies staked out the tops of the taller grass stalks.

Just downhill from the meadow we explored the lower margins of the parking lot, with even better opportunities for comparing fritillaries. But the scene-stealer here was a Meadow Jumping-mouse that afforded very good looks as it huddled in the short grass.

Closer to the lake we picked up more butterflies, including our first swallowtail of the trip, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. Orange Bluet damselflies hung out along the lake edge, and Variable Dancers among others haunted the tall grass under the berm. Two Spotted Sandpipers flushed up, giving everyone a good look at their teetering exploration of the muddy shoreline.

Turk's-cap Lily along Snaggy Mountain Road {REB]

Turk’s-cap Lily along Snaggy Mountain Road {REB]

As the sun lowered, we made one last stop before returning to Frostburg: Snaggy Mountain Road, a short dirt road through hemlocks that provided an evensong of Hermit Thrushes and good but distant looks at a Scarlet Tanager. Snaggy also gave us good close-up looks at the flowers of Turks-cap Lily.

Offers to reschedule the Finzel night walk from the night before were turned down as the exhausted troops opted for an early night!


Appalachian Brown at Cranesville Swamp [REB]

Appalachian Brown at Cranesville Swamp [REB]



Notable Butterflies for Day 2:

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

Orange Sulphur

Eastern Tailed-blue

American Copper

Pearl Crescent

Great-spangled Fritillary

Aphrodite Fritillary

Red Admiral

Common Wood-nymph

Black Dash

Long Dash (only a couple of us saw this)

Crossline Skipper

Dun Skipper

Little Glassywing


Rob Hilton holds one of EIGHT Imperial Moths we found lingering around the lights at the Citgo overlooking Sideling Hill Creek [REB]

Rob Hilton holds one of EIGHT Imperial Moths we found lingering around the lights at the Citgo overlooking Sideling Hill Creek [REB]

Day 3 had a leisurely start as we waited for the sun to rise over the hills in Green Ridge State Forest and warm the shale shoulders of the woodland roads through the Sideling Hill Creek drainage. On the way to Green Ridge from Frostburg we stopped first at the State Forest visitor center, where – unbeknownst to us – the restroom facilities were closed owing to a septic problem. We walked the short path to the overlook, where we had additional close-ups of Scarlet Tanager and enjoyed a lively discussion of the finer points of flycatcher ID as we watched an Eastern Wood-pewee darting out from dead branches near the overlook. A skipper on the ground next to the path proved to be a Horace’s Duskywing, leading to a good conversation about the essential differences between the grass skippers and the spread-wing skippers, and a refresher on moths, skippers and butterflies more generally. From the overlook platform we also could see at least six species of oaks, and talked about the remarkable genetic promiscuity of oaks in general and how the areas of mixed-growth forest like Green Ridge are hotspots of genetic diversity and speciation, as opposed to landscape-like plantings in urban settings and monocultures on tree plantations.

Male dobsonfly at the Citgo lights [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

Male dobsonfly at the Citgo lights [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

Before descending into the lowlands of the state forest, we stopped at the Citgo gas station at High Germany Road. The moths must have known it was the start of National Moth Week – the lights at the convenience store the night before had pulled in tremendous numbers of moths, fishflies, stoneflies, Dobsonflies, beetles, and other nocturnal insects. We knew we were in for a treat when our first sight was eight – EIGHT! – huge Imperial Moths and a Royal Walnut Moth right off the bat. There were dozens of Dobson-flies, including several large-mandibled males. Other moth sightings included The Angel, Pandorus Sphinx, Rosy Maple Moth, Beautiful Wood-nymph, Clymene Moth, Banded Tussock Moth, and a variety of geometers, emeralds, tiger moths, and others.

The early morning fog was lifting as we left the gas station and

Beautiful Wood-nymph moth under the Citgo lights [Sheryl Pollock]

Beautiful Wood-nymph moth under the Citgo lights [Sheryl Pollock]

drove into the state forest along a shale-lined roadside with tall golden woodland sunflowers along the shoulder. Sure enough, several of these sunflowers sported small brown butterflies with intense coppery undersides – Northern Metalmarks! – found here where their food plant, the shale barren obligate round-leaved ragwort, occurs in conjunction with the sunflowers for adult nectar.

After everyone had their fill of metalmarks, we moved down along the banks of Sideling Hill Creek, where our first sighting was of a Louisiana Waterthrush on the far bank. The muddy shoreline and rocks provided lots of good dragonflies and damselflies, including Powdered Dancer, Black-shoulder Spinyleg, and Stream Bluet. Spiders included a huge-jawed tetragnathid, an orb weaver with fangs that fold in half and that builds its webs horizontally over streams and ponds to capture emerging midges and mayflies, and a Dark Fishing Spider clinging to a rock in the stream. Also on a rock in the stream was an imperturbable Northern Banded Watersnake. Birds in addition to the waterthrush included Northern Parula Warbler carrying food. Along the road we saw a blue-tailed skink – Five-lined or Broadheaded – wedged into a massive Poison Ivy vine. As we left, a Spicebush Swallowtail sailed in to explore some of the streamside phlox.

Several group members peeled off at this point, the last official stop of the trip, but a couple of die-hards accompanied me up onto the ridge over Sideling Hill Creek along Hoop Pole Road for more metalmarks, a Pipevine Swallowtail, and a completely surprising Common Roadside-skipper. With clouds rolling in again right on schedule, we ended our western Maryland field experience and headed back to DC to beat the afternoon rush hour.

Highlight of our last day -- Northern Metalmark along "metalmark alley" in Green Ridge State Forest [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

Highlight of our last day — Northern Metalmark along “metalmark alley” in Green Ridge State Forest [photo by Sheryl Pollock]

Notable Butterflies from Day 3:

Spicebush Swallowtail

Pipevine Swallowtail

Northern Metalmark

Horace’s Duskywing

Common Roadside-skipper


No, not something from our area:  Just a teaser from my Spokane trip.  Blue Copper [2014 July 15, WA Mt Spokane SP.  REB]

No, not something from our area: Just a teaser from my Spokane trip. Blue Copper [2014 July 15, WA Mt Spokane SP. REB]

Even though I’ve spent this past week in Spokane WA on a combination of conference-going and looking for leps and odes in the nearby mountains, faithful folk have been sending in sightings and picked up a couple of new things. Plus Beth Johnson and I did a marathon 20-hour scout of Garrett Co. Sunday in advance of my ANS field trip this coming weekend that yielded some nice results.

There were several reports of Diana Fritillaries flying in VA this week, so now is the time to go looking for them on backcountry dirt roads. Closer to home, many frits are on the wing in western MD: Meadow, Atlantis, Aphrodite, Great-spangled and even a few Silver-bordered. Milkweed and dogbane are reaching their peak bloom this week in Garrett Co MD. At Cranesville Swamp MD/WV, good numbers of Appalachian Browns were flying in and around the evergreens in the meadows along Muddy Creek Road, and the milkweed there held at least one Striped Hairstreak. Coral Hairstreaks were reported from the nearby Cunningham WMA, and multiple Gray Commas were seen in Savage River State Forest along Big Run Road and elsewhere. Long Dash and Black Dash are also flying in Garrett Co.

Tremendous numbers of Northern Metalmarks were out in Green Ridge State Forest, almost all of them on woodland sunflower growing above round-leaved ragwort along shale road shoulders in the Sideling Hill Creek drainage. Bog Coppers were relatively abundant along the Cranesville boardwalk (all on the WV side for you MD listers).

Fresh Eastern Tiger Swallowtails were also flying in Green Ridge, plus Zebra Swallowtails, but little else. Should be time, however, for second brood of Giant Swallowtail there. Black Swallowtails are flying everywhere from the coast to the mountains. Of interest are a few scattered reports of Zebra Swallowtails well up into New England, puzzling local lepidopterists.

Here in the DC area, Sachem numbers continue to build as females begin to emerge to complement the males that came out last week. Sightings of Fiery Skipper edge a little closer to DC each week from NC and VA. Freshly emerged Wild Indigo Duskywing and Horace’s Duskywing were reported in numerous locations across the region. Essex (European) Skippers are showing a lot of wear.

No Little Yellows have been reported yet anywhere in the mid-Atlantic from NC north. However, Sleepy Orange has been sighted well up into NC, although Cloudless Sulphur is still AWOL in our area. That other regular southern migrant, Common Buckeye, is being reported sporadically at various locations, though nowhere in any numbers. Viceroy is still flying, as are Red-spotted Purples, but their numbers are low. Both emperors, Tawny and Hackberry, are abroad this week. Monarchs are seen widely across the region but seldom in more than single-digit numbers.

Hairstreak numbers are way down, although second brood Great Purple Hairstreak is probably flying on the Eastern Shore. Nobody has reported King’s Hairstreak, and its flight is probably winding down. A fresh brood of White M is imminent.

The Heinz NWR annual count in Tinicum PA is the 19th (rain date the 20th); contact is Cliff Hence;

I’m back in Garrett Co MD this weekend leading an Audubon Naturalist Society field trip.  Maybe we’ll cross paths!  If not, please remember to post or send your sightings for the next Weekend Forecast. In the meantime, visit us at and on Google Groups at MDLepsOdes.


Northern Metalmarks in Green Ridge SF [2014 July 12, photo Beth Johnson]

Northern Metalmarks in Green Ridge SF [2014 July 12, photo Beth Johnson]

Beth and I did a VERY long road trip yesterday in advance of my Bog Butterflies, Birds and Botany trip for Audubon Naturalist Society next weekend.  Left the DC area from Beth’s place rather early for fear we’d have rain or clouds later in the day; we needn’t have worried, a beautiful day all day long.

First stop (after bagels in Frederick, of course) was Swain Hollow on Sideling Hill Creek in Allegany Co. in search of Northern Metalmarks. But our first sighting was of PA colleagues Monica Miller and Curt Lehman from PALepsOdes who had arrived just moments earlier.  Fortuitous timing; the mist had just burned off and the metalmarks were out in higher numbers than I’d ever seen basking on virtually every available woodland sunflower floret– my count was 52.  Life butterfly for Curt and Beth.  Most were very fresh so as Matt Orsie noted in his blog last week the flight has just begun.

We left Monica and Curt and headed west to Cranesville (our only major stop was at the Sideling Hill rest area, where there is a good bit of nectar on the westbound side being worked by a LOT of Wild Indigo Duskywings–our brief attempt to turn some of them into Horace’s proved futile).

Intrepid PA LepTrekkers Curt and Monica afield in Green Ridge State Forest MD [2014 July 12 GRSF, REB]

Intrepid PA LepTrekkers Curt and Monica afield in Green Ridge State Forest MD [2014 July 12 GRSF, REB]

En route we got a message from Bill Hubick, who was working the Cunningham WMA near Grantsville, that he had Coral HS near the entrance gate there.  We were tempted to swing by but, still nervous about running out of sunshine, we pressed on the bogs.

Cranesville was very dry, with almost no good nectar sources like milkweed and dogbane.  The few milkweeds along the entrance road had Great-spangled Frits and some grass skippers; at the visitor kiosk on Muddy Creek there were abundant Appalachian Browns in and among the trees in the meadow, more frits (all GSFs, far as we could tell) on the roadside, and a hairstreak Beth is still mulling over.

Striped Hairstreak from the MD side of Cranesville [2014 July 12 Beth Johnson photo]

Striped Hairstreak from the MD side of Cranesville [2014 July 12 Garrett Co MD.  Beth Johnson photo]

Bog Copper was enjoying a great flight along the boardwalk despite the dry conditions; small cranberry and a tiny dewberry were in bloom for nectar.  We counted 18 in a rather short time on the boardwalk, but they were so skittish I dipped on photos but Beth may have gotten a decent documentation shot.  We had single digit numbers of Appalachian Browns and Northern Pearly-eyes along the loop trail.

Textbook Aphrodite Fritillary at Herrington Manor SP [2014 July 12, REB]

Textbook Aphrodite Fritillary at Herrington Manor SP [2014 July 12, Garrett Co MD, REB]

While we were still working over the milkweed stand at the Muddy Creek lot, a car pulled up and its driver hailed us — Fran Pope!  Another lepidopsterist sighting.  Fran told us about some excellent nectar patches currently producing good butterflies at Herrington Manor SP, so we followed her down and hijacked the rest of her afternoon to show us good numbers of Black Dash (recently emerged), a number of grass skippers, and three frits — Meadow, Great-spangled, and Aphrodite.  Fran had had Atlantis earlier in the day but we did not see them on our foray.

As dusk began to settle in on Herrington, Beth and I headed back up toward the interstate via a stopover at a good El Salvadoran restaurant in Oakland before turning back toward DC.  We had an unexpectedly long delay at Cumberland owing to a major accident that shut down the east-bound lanes and gave us an opportunity to for moon-gazing at the full “supermoon” rising over the ridges.

About 11 pm we pulled up into the Citgo at Swain Hollow to check out the lights.  If you haven’t been

Unfortunate backdrop for a fortunate find -- Royal Walnut Moth at the Citgo station lights on High Germany Rd, Allegany Co MD [2014 July 12, REB]

Unfortunate backdrop for a fortunate find — Royal Walnut Moth at the Citgo station lights on High Germany Rd, Allegany Co MD [2014 July 12, REB]

there, go!  The 24-hr mini mart lights draw from the huge dark expanse down Sideling Hill Creek and the Potomac and attract huge Dobson fies, stoneflies by the thousands, and lots of moths.  Highlights last night were an antlion adult, an epic Royal Walnut Moth, some good sphingids we’re still working on, and Polyphemus Moth, among others.

I got in at 3 am.  Needless to say, no leptreks for me today! I have an early flight out to Spokane tomorrow with the expectation of seeing at least one of the local Parnassian species before I come back at the end of the week.


Baltimore Checkerspot in Frederick Co MD [2014 Jiune 29. REB]

Baltimore Checkerspot in Frederick Co MD [2014 June 29. REB]

The past week has seen results trickling in from the early summer counts, including a few new FOYs among them.

Last weekend’s western Montgomery Co MD count was low on both numbers and diversity, but one of the bright spots was a local report of Common Wood Nymph. The Cumberland Co NJ count had the first reported Hayhurst’s Scallopwings (which have been AWOL so far this summer) in addition to a fine selection of Hairstreaks: Coral, Banded, Striped, Red-banded, Gray, and White M. Sky Meadows VA counters reported a high count of 77 Great Spangled Fritillaries as well as 15 Banded Hairstreaks.

Edwards’ Hairstreaks were out in numbers in Frederick Co last weekend, with a count of 14 in Frederick Municipal Watershed, as well as smaller numbers in Anne Arundel Co. Succession fields or barrens with scrub oak should be visited early in the morning when the hairstreaks are at eye level basking. Several of us made unsuccessful trips to the Eastern Shore for King’s Hairstreak, but the season is still a week or two behind there, judging by the fact that Clethra is still not in bloom at their known location. However, both Bronze Copper and Great Purple Hairstreak were seen in Dorchester Co MD this week.

Botetourt Co in west central VA had the season’s first report of Northern Metalmark, so it should be flying in Green Ridge State Forest shortly as well. Also to our south were reports of Whirlabout, Ocola, and Fiery Skippers in NC, promising a good flight of migrant skippers in our area later this summer. Cloudless Sulphur and Sleepy Orange were also reported from NC. Otherwise, sulphur numbers remain quite low in the region, although the past week has brought a fresh flight of Small (Cabbage) Whites here in my garden.

Fresh Horace’s and Wild Indigo Duskywings were flying in Frederick Co., mostly visiting dogbane and common milkweed.  Baltimore Checkerspot was also on the wing.

Edwards' Hairstreak in Frederick Municipal Watershed Forest [REB]

Edwards’ Hairstreak in Frederick Municipal Watershed Forest [2014 June 29, REB]

Viceroy numbers remain low, as do numbers of Monarchs, although I have seen singletons of the latter almost every time I’ve been in the field recently. Little Wood Satyrs have all but disappeared until their next brood. American Snouts were recorded along the C&O Canal, but neither emperor is flying in its usual numbers.

More fresh Zebra and Eastern Tiger Swallowtails have emerged this past week; the Montgomery Co. count included a surprisingly large percentage of fresh, dark morph females.

This holiday weekend includes Virginia counts in Maidens and Island Ford. See the LepLog for more details at Don’t forget to post or send your sightings for the next Weekend Forecast! In the meantime, visit us at and on Google Groups at MDLepsOdes.

American Snout at Bayview Butterfly Garden, Eastern Neck NWR, Kent Co MD [REB 2014 June 20]

American Snout at Bayview Butterfly Garden, Eastern Neck NWR, Kent Co MD [REB 2014 June 20]

The univoltine summer hairstreaks are beginning their flights, with Edwards’ Hairstreak reported this week from its traditional location in the Frederick Municipal Watershed (MD). King’s Hairstreak has been flying for two weeks already in the Carolinas and VA, and the July 4 weekend is the traditional time to try to find this very local species on MDs lower Eastern Shore wherever its host plant —  sweetleaf, also known as horse sugar — can be found along wet ditches and in woods on the fringes of swamps and marshes. If you miss them this year, a good tactic is to stake out the trees when they bloom in early April and return now to find the adults perched on broad leaves in patches of sun. They are inordinately partial to greenbrier tangles. King’s flies at eye level early in the day before retreating up into the shady canopy, often by 9:30 am.

Banded Hairstreaks have been reported regularly across the area, but in much smaller numbers than last year. I have not received any reports of Striped Hairstreak, and few reports of Coral. One of the best bets for Coral Hairstreak is the butterfly weed on the public Regal Fritillary tours at Ft. Indiantown Gap PA, scheduled over the next two weeks. Reports are there is a good Regal flight at FIG this year.

Great-spangled Fritillary is also having a good flight and can be found almost statewide on common milkweed, which also is hosting plentiful numbers of grass skippers. Mostly AWOL so far this summer in these milkweed conventions is Sachem, which had a weak early flight and appears to be between broods now. Flights of Indian Skipper and Hobomok are winding down. Zabulon has not been as common as it is most years, although it has been expanding its range northward considerably — it was reported for the first time last week in Buzzard Swamp in NW PA near the NY border. Essex (European) Skippers are abundant this season and seem to be slowly making their way eastward and southward; they were noted in Loudon Co VA last weekend.  .

A fresh flight of American Coppers is out, but Bronze Coppers were not reported in our area for their late spring flight nor have they been reported more recently. Even Eastern Tailed-blues are making a rather poor showing this season.

Appalachian Brown finally made an appearance locally, and there were a few more scattered reports of Northern Pearly-eye, which seems to have made a host-plant jump in some populations to the noxious, invasive Japanese stilt-grass. Fresh Tawny Emperor was out in Kent Co MD this week, flying with fellow hackberry specialist American Snout; Hackberry Emperor was more widely reported. Silvery Checkerspot had a small early flight that is about over; reports this week were mostly of worn and ragged individuals. Monarchs continue to be infrequently but regularly reported.

There’s been an interesting conversation between veteran field observers Dick Smith and Bob Ringler online the past couple days that is worth noting. Early July seems to be the best time to see Compton Tortoiseshell in Maryland. It has been recorded a couple times in the past two decades at midsummer, most frequently from the Sideling Hill Creek watershed of Green Ridge State Forest and especially along vertigo-inducing Cliff Road.  Something to look for when you go out there for Northern Metalmarks in July.

On a somewhat more far-flung note, Tom Stock and I were both hosted royally by PALepsOdes colleagues Monica Miller and Curt Lehman for two days in PAs Buzzard Swamp, where Indian Skipper and Hobomok are still flying strong but Harris Checkerspot is winding down.  We also had local specialties White Admiral, Arctic Skipper, Pepper-and-Salt Skipper, Common Ringlet and Silver-bordered Fritillary (Atlantis was also flying), plus a lifer for both of us, Two-spotted Skipper.

Please considering joining your fellow lep observers on Saturday’s NABA count for western Montgomery Co MD. Info on this and other regional counts (several over the 4th of July weekend) can always be found on the LepLog calendar at

Hope to see you in the field this weekend; weather looks pretty decent despite the lingering chance of afternoon showers both days according to the most recent forecast. Please remember to post or send your sightings for the next Weekend Forecast! In the meantime, visit us at and on Google Groups at MDLepsOdes.

[NOTE:  After posting, I heard from a correspondent near Pittsburgh that he had in fact observed Striped Hairstreak this past week, so we know they are flying]

Harris Checkerspot in Buzzard Swamp PA [Tom Stock, 2014 June 21]

Harris’ Checkerspot in Buzzard Swamp PA [Tom Stock, 2014 June 21]

Ever since my first and last trip to Buzzard Swamp PA at the end of June 2011, I’ve been itching to get back. That first trip gave me a ton of lifers, but there were still a couple I could score there, and my field colleague Tom Stock had a few to pick up too. So we had planned a three-day excursion this past weekend.

Only the weather wasn’t exactly cooperative. Friday was iffy in northwest PA (Buzzard Swamp is in the Allegheny National Forest just a short drive from the NY border), so we decided to drive up early Saturday. Saturday there started out with rain (which would dog us the entire 5-hour drive), but it had cleared to partly cloudy and warm by the time we arrived at 1:30. We’d hoped to meet up with our compatriots Monica Miller and Curt Lehman from PALepsOdes, but cell signal being what it was we couldn’t get much info to each other from different parts of the long circuit loop of ponds, hemlock/spruce forest, and wet meadow. So Tom and I struck out on our own.

Before even leaving the parking lot, Tom hit one of his lifers — Harris’ Checkerspot. They’ve been flying for a while and several of the ones we saw were somewhat worn and tattered. A few feet down the path he snagged the next one — Pepper and Salt Skipper, which had been flying in the hundreds a few weeks ago and now are down to respectable dozens of varying stages of wear.

Pepper and Salt Skipper, Buzzard Swamp PA [REB, 2014 June 21]

Pepper and Salt Skipper, Buzzard Swamp PA [REB, 2014 June 21]

We were both looking for Silver-bordered Fritillaries and coming up empty; the larger frit that was flying yielded to an ID only in hand — all we netted and examined were Atlantis Frit, which surprised us by flying so early (it isn’t out in western MD yet, or at least hasn’t been reported).

We were not quite half way around when we were hallooed by our missing Pennsylvanians, and as it happened Curt had a Silver-bordered Frit in a plastic bottle he’d been carrying around in case we hadn’t seen our own yet. It didn’t take Curt’s eagle eyes long to come up with a couple of ones on the wing in the extensive wet meadows for us to view ourselves.

We finished the circuit, picking up a couple more Harris’ Checkerspots and another lifer for Tom, Common Ringlet (one of which had met its maker in the chelicerae of a Goldenrod Crab spider). Meantime, I was maxing out on odes I hadn’t seen before, including Dot-tailed Whiteface and Dusky Clubtail, and we had good bird sightings too of Least Flycatcher, Alder Flycatcher, Blackburnian Warbler, and stunning male Rose-breasted Grosbeak.

Silver-bordered Fritillary, Buzzard Swamp PA [Tom Stock, 2014 June 21]

Silver-bordered Fritillary, Buzzard Swamp PA [Tom Stock, 2014 June 21]

As we worked our way around the back side of the lakes, we got our last good butterfly of the day, a (mostly) White Admiral on a pile of fresh horse dung. Monica and Curt kept telling us that earlier in the day there would have been Arctic Skippers on the clover in the middle of the trail (which would be another lifer for Tom). I should mention at this point that all the lifers Tom was picking up were only in my life list already because I’d gotten them on that earlier trip to Buzzard!

The four of us retired to the local throwback to the era when the local town of Marienville was a hopping hunter’s destination (still is, but one gets the impression that hunting isn’t the sport kings it used to be), the Bucktail Restaurant. Really good dinner, good conversation among ourselves and with the staff, and Monica teased us with the knowledge that they’d had a Two-spotted Skipper in the parking lot early in the day. Sated, Tom and I headed down to Clarion and the Holiday Inn. Curt drove home, and Monica returned to her lodging at the Microtel for an early departure the next morning.

Sunday dawned foggy and it took some time to burn away, so Tom and I made our leisurely way to the Beaver Meadows Campground a few miles west of Marienville and the location of a lifer from my previous trip, Green Comma. Curt had told us that Two-spotted Skipper flew there as well, but we walked the spillway area in vain — very little was out, certainly not Green Comma or Two-spotted Skipper as a stiff breeze and regular clouds conspired to keep most everything hunkered down.

We decided to go back to Buzzard Swamp and try the eponymous “Ringlet Field” — on the left as you drive in from the main road. We hadn’t gotten far down the road from Beaver Meadows when we spotted a pulloff and a good amount of clover and decided on a whim to see if anything was working it. And there was — an Arctic Skipper!  Lifer for Tom.

Arctic Skipper, near Beaver Meadows Campground, Allegheny National Forest PA [REB, 2014 June 22]

Arctic Skipper, near Beaver Meadows Campground, Allegheny National Forest PA [REB, 2014 June 22]

Now we were down to one target lep: Two-spotted Skipper. We searched in vain for it at the Ringlet Field (where we got Long Dash and Indian Skipper plus many ringlets, naturally). We went about a mile back down the main circuit trail, also in vain. I peeled off to a small pond set back from the trail for odes (where I had the most incredibly beautiful Red-waisted Whiteface dragonflies); Tom kept on the trail for a little and scored two more Harris’ Hairstreaks — but no Two-spots.

We had a number of Silver-bordered Frits on the way back, and stopped to watch a little Zabulon make mad dashes out from his perch on the side of the trail at the large frits that bounced along the trail. He was worn but quite definitive; anyone from around the DC area knows that Zabs approach trash status in the summer here so we didn’t think much of it (and we’d had Hobomok earlier). Only later did we learn from Curt by email how unusual the sighting was, and David Wright confirmed the county record had only been established by a photo on June 6! [UPDATE:  Turns out the June 6 photo was of a Hobomok after all, so Tom and I are back in contention for a county Zabulon record!]

With time slipping away, we decided we’d make one more foray back to Beaver Meadows to give me a chance at a lifer for the trip too. We were packing into the car when Tom saw a dark skipper out the window dashed out in pursuit. We walked around the lot unsuccessfully. I pulled an apple out of my pack and started munching while looking through the clover again (without my bins) and suddenly saw an Essex (European) Skipper-like lep in the grass; I called Tom over and in the bins was clearly the Two-spotted Skipper of our dreams! (and quite possibly the very same one Monica and Curt had seen Saturday).

The knowledge of a five-hour drive in front of us motivated us to leave earlier than we would have, but with all 6 targets under our belt we felt pretty good about our sojourn, and very grateful for Monica’s and Curt’s help in getting them. Our last good surprise awaited us about an hour down the road — a black bear sauntering along the highway!

Life for both of us!  Two-spotted Skipper in the parking lot of Buzzard Swamp PA [Tom Stock, 2014 June 22]

Lifer for both of us! Two-spotted Skipper in the parking lot of Buzzard Swamp PA [Tom Stock, 2014 June 22]

Tom’s list for the trip follows:

For the record, here’s my tally of species for the trip (any chance of getting NABA to take up the Essex challenge?):

June 21, 2014: Buzzard Swamp, Forest County, Pennsylvania

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (3)
Cabbage White (1)
Orange Sulphur (3)
Eastern Tailed Blue (2)
Summer Azure (common)
Atlantis Fritillary (14)
Silver-bordered Fritillary (3)
Harris’ Checkerspot (2)
Pearl Crescent (2)
American Lady (2)
Red Admiral (5)
Red-spotted Purple (4)
White Admiral (1)
Viceroy (1)
Little Wood Satyr (common)
Common Ringlet (11)
Juvenal’s Duskywing (2)
Least Skipper (3)
European/Essex Skipper (5)
Pepper and Salt Skipper (6)

June 22, 2014: Beaver Meadows, Forest County, Pennsylvania

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (3)
Cabbage White (1)
Summer Azure (common)
Atlantis Fritillary (1)
Silver-bordered Fritillary (1)
Pearl Crescent (1)
Red Admiral (1)
Red-spotted Purple (4)
Little Wood Satyr (common)
Common Ringlet (2)
Arctic Skipper (1)
Least Skipper (4)
European/Essex Skipper (2)
Long Dash (2)
Hobomok Skipper (1)

June 22, 2014: Buzzard Swamp, Forest County, Pennsylvania

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (3)
Eastern Tailed Blue (1)
Summer Azure (common)
Silver-bordered Fritillary (4)
Harris’ Checkerspot (2)
Pearl Crescent (1)
Mourning Cloak (1)
Red Admiral (2)
Red-spotted Purple (2)
Little Wood Satyr (common)
Common Ringlet (9)
Least Skipper (2)
European/Essex Skipper (common)
Indian Skipper (9)
Peck’s Skipper (1)
Zabulon Skipper (1) Male. Possible county record – unmistakeable appearance, patrolling behavior
Two-spotted Skipper (1)
Pepper and Salt Skipper (common)

A great trip! Many thanks to Monica and Curt!

Tom Stock

We’ve been struggling to catch up to normal emergence dates for most of our butterflies this summer, and the recent rains and heat wave have helped tremendously.  Last weekend and this week saw an impressive number of FOYs and emergence of second broods of many of our stalwarts.

2014 may well be remembered as the Year of the Harvester; which was reported from new locations this week in Finzel Swamp and in Howard Co near Marriottsville.

Satyrium hairstreaks continue to impress, with Coral Hairstreak flying with Banded Hairstreaks in the fields along Northeast Branch Trail in College Park.  Gray and Red-banded Hairstreaks are also flying, but not in large numbers (this is a repeat of low numbers last year for Red-banded).  No Striped Hairstreaks have been reported yet, nor have Edwards’ or King Hairstreaks.

Dion Skipper 2014 June 14 at Friendship Farm, Charles Co MD.  Photo by Tom Stock.

Dion Skipper 2014 June 14 at Friendship Farm, Charles Co MD. Photo by Tom Stock.

Several FOY skippers showed up this week, including Dion Skipper in Charles Co. MD, and Saltmarsh, Broad-winged, Delaware, and Aaron’s Skippers in Kent Co. MD.  Rare Skipper and Mulberry Wing should also be abroad in their restricted habitats. Duskywing numbers dropped to almost nil, but should pick up shortly with summer Horace’s and second generation Wild Indigo.  European (Essex) Skipper is flying, as are the panoply of other grass skippers:  Southern and Northern Broken-dash, Crossline, Dun, and Swarthy Skippers, plus Little Glassywing.  Look for all of them on common milkweed.

All the common swallowtails — Black, Spicebush, Eastern Tiger, Zebra — are now in their second broods, which is especially noticeable in the long tails of Zebras. I have yet to see my 2014 Giant Swallowtail but they have been reported along the Potomac drainage in Allegany Co.

Tawny Emperor in Bayview Butterfly Garden, Eastern Neck NWR, June 20, 2014 [REB]

Tawny Emperor in Bayview Butterfly Garden, Eastern Neck NWR, June 20, 2014 [REB]

Both emperors — Hackberry and Tawny — are out now.

If you’re seeing azures from here on out, chances are 99 percent or better that they’re Summer Azure, which arecurrently flying and ovipositing on various flower buds like viburnum.

Little Wood Satyrs are everywhere this season, but we have not yet had reports of Common Wood Nymph but should this week.

Also AWOL so far are Cloudless Sulphurs, Sleepy Oranges, and Little Yellows.  This marks the second Little Yellow-less season in a row.

And while they aren’t butterflies, you might find it interesting to check out yucca blooms right now to see Yucca Moths, which many of us studied in school for their life cycle, which is tied up entirely in the yucca bloom cycle.  Females lay their eggs on the ovaries of yucca flowers, where the caterpillars eat the developing seeds, but never all of them.  You can find the adults quite easily just now by carefully pulling open the fresh flowers; the small snow-white females hide up near the inside base.

Field trip suggestion:  The Bayview Butterfly Garden and Trial at Eastern Neck NWR in Kent Co MD is in peak form right now, with a row of about a dozen buttonbush in full bloom, along with blooming pickerel weed, Culver root, and coreopsis to complement the dogbane and common milkweed in the surrounding meadows.  Aaron’s, Delaware, Broad-winged and Saltmarsh Skippers were all flying there today, as well as clouds of Zebra Swallowtails, some Snouts, and very fresh Tawny Emperor.  Worth a trip.  And if you drive out by way of Route 301, check out the extensive dogbane and milkweed to the right side of the road in the three miles or so before the rest stop.

Heading up to Buzzard Swamp PA with Tom Stock this weekend and hoping to run into some of our good PALepsOdes friends there for norther specialties like Arctic Skipper, Harris’ Checkerspot, Common Ringlet, and Green Comma.   Weather there for the weekend looks a little better than it does for the metro region, but Sunday should provide an opportunity to dry out and see some new leps.   Don’t forget to post or send your sightings for the next Weekend Forecast! In the meantime, visit us at and on Google Groups at MDLepsOdes.

Hoary Edge on Hoop Pole Road in Green Ridge State Forest, Allegany Co MD.  Photo by Tom Stock.

Hoary Edge on Hoop Pole Road in Green Ridge State Forest, Allegany Co MD. Photo by Tom Stock.

I’ve heard from a number of contributors this week that the torrential rains in PG county on Wednesday seriously knocked the wind out of whatever was flying up until then, especially the Little Wood Satyrs. This is the hazard of being a butterfly in the mid-Atlantic when heavy storms blow up on the Piedmont. As I write this on Thursday night, Green Ridge and the western counties are being hammered with up to five inches of rain, and our Harvester location – Clear Spring, MD – saw a number of water rescues tonight from flash floods and pooling water. Luckily, it looks like things will dry out – both in precipitation and humidity – for the weekend, giving us another two great field days.

This past weekend and week gave us a number of new sightings and FOYs locally, starting with Hoary Edge in Green Ridge State Forest. It’s been a slow start for Silver-spotted Skippers so far this season, but numbers are beginning to build.

New satyrids out include Northern Pearly-eye in several locations in VA and MD, and Appalachian Brown on the MD Eastern Shore during the Andelot Farms bioblitz (which to my shame I bailed on to go chase the Hoary Edges at the other end of the state). On the typical nymphalid side, there are still no Viceroy sightings, but I’m expecting them this weekend. Great Spangled Fritillary has begun flying (several sightings across the area), and Silvery Checkerspot looks to have another very good year. Pearl Crescents are out but in smaller than normal numbers most everywhere. FOY Baltimore Checkerspots were recorded in Frederick Co., MD. Hackberry Emperor is out (and no doubt so is Tawny Emperor, although there have been no reports yet). Chatting up your local farmers’ market vendors for rotting or damaged fruit you can put out for butterflies could net you emperor, Red-spotted Purple, Viceroy, Red Admiral, satyrs, and any fresh anglewings that have not yet aestivated for the heat of the summer. Monarch sightings are regular but infrequent across the region.

Remaining duskywings at this point are likely Horace’s or Wild Indigo, both of which were seen this past week. The early heavy Northern Cloudywing flight is dwindling. Grass skippers are out in good numbers for the species you’d expect so far, and Fiery Skipper has already made it up past Raleigh this season. Indian Skippers are now being reported as local but common where they are found; this is a also very good year for Hobomok Skippers. While there are no local reports, Pepper and Salt Skippers apparently are enjoying a gangbuster flight elsewhere; at Buzzard Swamp PA there were “hundreds” last week (Common Ringlets are at peak there, too, and Arctic Skippers were flying).

The first Banded Hairstreaks were observed this week in College Park and a couple of other places; Striped is probably out now as well with Coral soon if not already. Check every milkweed, butterflyweed or dogbane patch.

No southern irruptives to speak of yet. As with last year, no Little Yellows, and so far no Sleepy Oranges or Cloudless Sulphur either. Cabbage White and Clouded and Orange Sulphur numbers are well below average still, and this is at least the second generation of Cabbage White. No reports yet of Checkered White, although it too could be flying in waste areas on the Eastern Shore, its favored habitat. And no big flights of Vanessas or American Snout, but a few Buckeyes are flying in NC and VA.

I’m hoping to make it back out to Green Ridge (looking for Giant Swallowtail) and possibly Charles Co. (checking in on the Carolina Satyrs and that huge dogbane field at Friendship Farm) this weekend, so look for me in the field. Don’t forget to post or send your sightings for the next Weekend Forecast! In the meantime, visit us at and on Google Groups at MDLepsOdes.

'Pocahantas' dark form female Hobomok Skipper in the wet meadow near the Mooresville Rd fishing pond, Indian Springs WMA

‘Pocahantas’ dark form female Hobomok Skipper in the wet meadow near the Mooresville Rd fishing pond, Indian Springs WMA

Beth Johnson, Tom Stock and I spent the last day of May mostly in Washington Co, first looking (successfully) for the reported Harvesters at Indian Springs WMA (minutes from the PA border) and later along various parts of the Sideling Hill Creek watershed.

We were successful in getting at least three (hard to tell, they were coming in and out regularly) Harvesters both puddling and chasing each other in the dense shrubbery. Other highlights there were both Zabulon and Hobomok Skippers (including the dark female form ‘pocahantas’), a dead Indian Skipper mysteriously perched on top of a weed stem (a live one would have been FOY for all of us), and plenty of Least Skippers and Little Wood Satyrs. FOY Red-spotted Purples were puddling with the Harvesters. On the ode side, we had great views of a Gray Petaltail and a spiketail that proved to be a county record for Brown Spiketail. We did not see Hans’ Holbrook’s reported Rusty Snaketail despite diligent searching, alas.

Celebrated the Harvesters with sandwiches and ice cream at the Clear Spring Creamery.

We next hit the Nature Conservancy’s Sideling Creek Hill Preserve on the north side of I-68, a 700-acre relatively new acquisition the almost imperceptible trails of which meander through wet meadow, sedge swamps, and shale hillsides. Best finds there were more Indian Skippers and a Northern Pearly-eye, plus the distractingly abundant Little Wood Satyrs. Hobomok and Zabulon were flying there, too.

We drove back over I-68 and into the Swain Hollow/Hoop Pole Road area; along Hoop Pole Road we encountered a huge stand of Bowman’s Root in bloom on the shoulder of the road (one of the only nectar sources around) acting as a butterfly magnet. Northern Cloudywings were everywhere, along with fading Dreamy Duskywings and tattered Juvenal’s. More Indian Skippers. Best find was Tom’s spot of a Common Road-side Skipper. Black, Eastern Tiger (none displaying any of the Appalachian characteristics), Pipevine, and Spicebush Swallowtails were along the road as well.

Of note, another almost completely azure-less day had it not been for one fresh, high-flying unidentified azure along Pearre Road near the C&O canal. And identifying our ode/lep colleague Rick Cheicante in the parking lot at Pearre Station.

For those seeking the Harvesters at the Mooresville Road fishing pond area of Indian Springs WMA, approach the wet area in the road slowly and carefully from the wooden bridge; they may spook easily unless they are well into imbibing, at which point they become almost catatonic. They are most consistently at the first moist patch, which conveniently sits pretty much underneath a tall alder that presumably produces the aphids for caterpillar food. If you don’t see the Harvesters puddling, look in the tangle of multiflora rose around the trunk of the alder for flashes of orange as they rest and presumably court out of sight. From the reports we’ve had so far, they seem to be most likely to be out and puddling early mid-morning until very early afternoon and take a powder most of the rest of the day.

Tom kept the list of our sightings:

Indian Spring Wildlife Management Area, Washington County, Md.

Zebra Swallowtail (1)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (common)

Spicebush Swallowtail (1)

Harvester (3)

Eastern Tailed Blue (3)

Pearl Crescent (5)

Red Admiral (1)

Red-spotted Purple (3)

Little Wood Satyr (abundant)

Silver-spotted Skipper (7)

Juvenal’s Duskywing (3)

Least Skipper (6)

Hobomok Skipper (8)

Indian Skipper (1) dead

Sideling Hill Creek Nature Conservancy Preserve, Washington County, Md.

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (2)

Cabbage White (12)

Orange Sulphur (3)

Eastern Tailed Blue (2)

Northern Pearly Eye (1)

Little Wood Satyr (abundant)

Silver-spotted Skipper (1)

Juvenal’s Duskywing (3)

Dreamy Duskywing (2)

Least Skipper (2)

Indian Skipper (1)

Zabulon Skipper (4)

Hobomok Skipper (common)


Various points in Green Ridge State Forest (primarily along Hoop Pole Road), Allegany County, Md.

Zebra Swallowtail (1)

Pipevine Swallowtail (2)

Black Swallowtail (1)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (2)

Orange Sulphur (1)

Pearl Crescent (3)

Little Wood Satyr (common)

Juvenal’s Duskywing (3)

Dreamy Duskywing (5)

Northern Cloudywing (common)

Indian Skipper (3)

Common Roadside Skipper (1)


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